Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of TracInstall


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Timestamp:
Mar 27, 2008, 7:31:47 AM (11 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracInstall

    v2 v3  
    1 = Trac Installation Guide =
     1= Trac Installation Guide for 0.11 =
    22[[TracGuideToc]]
    33
    4 Trac is a lightweight project management tool that is implemented as a web-based application. Trac is written in the Python programming language and can use [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite] or [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL] as  database. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://www.clearsilver.net/ Clearsilver] templating system.
     4  '''NOTE: this page is now for 0.11, which will be released soon. For installing previous Trac versions, please refer to wiki:0.10/TracInstall.'''
    55
    6 What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you can find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracInstallPlatforms TracInstallPlatforms] on the main Trac site, please be sure to first read through these general instructions to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
     6Trac is written in the Python programming language and needs a database, [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite], [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], or [http://mysql.com/ MySQL]. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] templating system.
    77
    8 == Requirements ==
     8What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you can find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at TracInstallPlatforms on the main Trac site, please be sure to '''first read through these general instructions''' to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
     9
     10== Short - Install a released version ==
     11For the quick install, make sure you have [http://python.org Python-2.5], [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/EasyInstall#installing-easy-install easy_install] and SQlite-3.3.4 installed (or above).
     12{{{
     13sudo easy_install Pygments
     14sudo easy_install Genshi
     15sudo easy_install Trac
     16}}}
     17
     18== Requirements - also older versions possible ==
    919
    1020To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
    1121
    12  * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.3.
    13    * Python 2.4 is not supported on Windows since there are no Subversion bindings available for it.
     22 * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.3
     23   * if using mod_python together with xml-related things, use python-2.5. expat is namespaced there and does not cause apache to crash any more(see [http://www.dscpl.com.au/wiki/ModPython/Articles/ExpatCausingApacheCrash here] for details).
    1424   * For RPM-based systems you might also need the `python-devel` and `python-xml` packages.
    15  * [http://subversion.tigris.org/ Subversion], version >= 1.0. (>= 1.1 recommended) and corresponding [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/svnbook-1.1/ch08s02.html#svn-ch-8-sect-2.3 Python bindings]
    16    * Trac uses the [http://www.swig.org/ SWIG] bindings included in the Subversion distribution, '''not''' [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN] (which is sometimes confused with the standard SWIG bindings).
    17    * If Subversion was already installed without the SWIG bindings, you'll need to re-`configure` Subversion and `make swig-py`, `make install-swig-py`.
    18  * [http://www.clearsilver.net/ ClearSilver], version >= 0.9.3
    19    * With python-bindings (`./configure --with-python=/usr/bin/python`)
     25   * See instructions in ["TracOnWindows/Python2.5"]
     26 * [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.6
     27 * [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Download Genshi], version >= 0.3.6
     28 * You also need a database system and the corresponding python drivers for it.
     29   The database can be either SQLite, PostgreSQL or ''MySQL (experimental)''.
     30 * optional if some plugins require it: [http://www.clearsilver.net/ ClearSilver]
    2031
    2132=== For SQLite ===
    2233
    23  * [http://www.sqlite.org/ SQLite], version 2.8.x or 3.x
    24  * [http://pysqlite.org/ PySQLite]
    25    * version 1.0.x (for SQLite 2.8.x)
    26    * version 1.1.x or 2.x (for SQLite 3.x)
     34 * [http://www.sqlite.org/ SQLite], version 3.3.4 and above preferred.
     35 * If not using Python-2.5: [http://pysqlite.org/ PySQLite], version 1.x (for SQLite 2.x) or version 2.x (for SQLite 3.x), version 2.3.2 preferred. For details see PySqlite
     36
     37''Note: It appears that PySQLite 2.x is required for Trac 0.9+/SQLite 3.x if you plan to use the 'trac-post-commit-hook.py' script available from the 'contrib' section of the source repository.''
     38
     39''Note: Users of Mac OS X please take care; the Apple-supplied SQLite contains additional code to support file locking on network filesystems like AFP or SMB. This is not presently (3.3.6) in the mainline sources, so if you build your own SQLite from source it will not function correctly on such filesystems - typically it gives the error "{{{database is locked}}}". [http://www.alastairs-place.net/2006/07/sqlite_and_mac/ A patch] is available for version 3.3.6, based on Apple's code, otherwise you're probably best off using the Apple supplied version (presently 3.1.3).''
    2740
    2841=== For PostgreSQL ===
    2942
    3043 * [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL]
    31  * [http://initd.org/projects/psycopg1 psycopg1], [http://initd.org/projects/psycopg2 psycopg2], or [http://pypgsql.sourceforge.net/ pyPgSQL]
     44 * [http://initd.org/projects/psycopg2 psycopg2] or [http://pypgsql.sourceforge.net/ pyPgSQL]
     45
     46=== For MySQL ===
     47
     48'''Warning''': MySQL support is currently ''still'' experimental. That means it works for some people, but several issues remain, in particular regarding the use of unicode and the key length in the repository cache. See MySqlDb for more detailed informations.
     49
     50 * [http://mysql.com/ MySQL], version 4.1 or later
     51 * [http://sf.net/projects/mysql-python MySQLdb], version 1.2.1 or later
    3252
    3353=== Optional Requirements ===
    3454
     55==== Version Control System ====
     56
     57'''Please note:''' if using Subversion, Trac must be installed on the '''same machine'''. Remote repositories are currently not supported.
     58
     59 * [http://subversion.tigris.org/ Subversion], version >= 1.0. (versions recommended: 1.2.4, 1.3.2 or 1.4.2) and the '''''corresponding''''' Python bindings. For troubleshooting, check TracSubversion
     60   * Trac uses the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/svnbook-1.1/ch08s02.html#svn-ch-8-sect-2.3 SWIG] bindings included in the Subversion distribution, '''not''' [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN] (which is sometimes confused with the standard SWIG bindings).
     61   * If Subversion was already installed without the SWIG bindings, on Unix you'll need to re-`configure` Subversion and `make swig-py`, `make install-swig-py`.
     62   * There are [http://subversion.tigris.org/servlets/ProjectDocumentList?folderID=91 pre-compiled bindings] available for win32.
     63 * Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See PluginList and VersioningSystemBackend.
     64
     65==== Web Server ====
    3566 * A CGI-capable web server (see TracCgi), or
    3667 * a [http://www.fastcgi.com/ FastCGI]-capable web server (see TracFastCgi), or
    3768 * [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] with [http://www.modpython.org/ mod_python 3.1.3+] (see TracModPython)
    38  * [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.5a13 for using plugins (see TracPlugins)
    39  * [http://docutils.sourceforge.net/ docutils], version >= 0.3.3 for WikiRestructuredText.
    40  * [http://silvercity.sourceforge.net/ SilverCity] and/or [http://www.gnu.org/software/enscript/enscript.html Enscript] for [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting].
     69    * When installing mod_python the development versions of Python and Apache are required (actually the libraries and header files)
     70 * [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] with [http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/ mod_wsgi] (see [wiki:TracModWSGI])
     71    * While mod_wsgi is very new and somewhat experimental, this should work with Apache 1.3, 2.0 or 2.2 and promises to deliver more performance than using mod_python.
    4172
    42 '''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/MailingList MailingList] or [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/IrcChannel IrcChannel].
     73For those stuck with Apache 1.3, it is also possible to get Trac working with [http://www.modpython.org/ mod_python 2.7] (see [wiki:TracModPython2.7 TracModPython2.7]). This guide hasn't been updated since 0.84, so it may or may not work.
    4374
    44 Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies.
     75==== Other Python Utilities ====
     76 * [http://docutils.sourceforge.net/ docutils], version >= 0.3.9 for WikiRestructuredText.
     77 * [http://pygments.pocoo.org Pygments] for [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting], also [http://silvercity.sourceforge.net/ SilverCity] and/or [http://gnu.org/software/enscript/enscript.html Enscript] may still be used.
     78    * Note that !SilverCity 0.9.6 has a [http://sourceforge.net/tracker/index.php?func=detail&aid=1424436&group_id=45693&atid=443739 bug] that breaks Python syntax highlighting in Trac. Until an update is made available, we recommend using version 0.9.5.
     79 * [http://pytz.sf.net pytz] to get a complete list of time zones, otherwise Trac will fall back on a shorter list from an internal time zone implementation.
     80
     81'''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the MailingList or IrcChannel.
     82
     83Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [wiki:TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there ''probably concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing'' (there are even some pages that are still talking about Trac 0.8!).
    4584
    4685== Installing Trac ==
    4786
    48 Like most Python programs, the Trac Python package is installed by running the following command at the top of the source directory:
     87One way to install Trac is using `setuptools`.
     88With setuptools you can install Trac from the subversion repository; for example,
     89to install release version 0.11 do:
     90{{{
     91easy_install http://svn.edgewall.com/repos/trac/tags/trac-0.11
     92}}}
     93
     94But of course the python-typical setup at the top of the source directory also works:
    4995{{{
    5096$ python ./setup.py install
     
    54100
    55101This will byte-compile the python source code and install it in the `site-packages` directory
    56 of your Python installation. The directories `cgi-bin`, `templates`, `htdocs`, `wiki-default` and `wiki-macros` are all copied to `$prefix/share/trac/.`
     102of your Python installation. The directories `cgi-bin`, `templates`, `htdocs`, `wiki-default` and `wiki-macros` are all copied to `$prefix/share/trac/`. `conf` and `plugins` stub directories are also created under `$prefix/share/trac/`.
     103On Linux, the default value of `$prefix` is `/usr`, so the installation will be to `/usr/share/trac`, whereas the BSDs use `/usr/local`. Other Unix or Unix-like systems might use a similar prefix or something like `/opt`, please see your system's documentation for details.
    57104
    58105The script will also install the [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] command-line tool, used to create and maintain [wiki:TracEnvironment project environments], as well as the [wiki:TracStandalone tracd] standalone server.
    59106
    60 === Advanced Users ===
     107=== Advanced Options ===
    61108
    62109To install Trac to a custom location, or find out about other advanced installation options, run:
    63110{{{
    64 $ python ./setup.py --help
     111easy_install --help
    65112}}}
     113
     114Also see [http://docs.python.org/inst/inst.html Installing Python Modules] for detailed information.
    66115
    67116Specifically, you might be interested in:
    68117{{{
    69 $ python ./setup.py install --prefix=/path/you/want
     118easy_install --prefix=/path/to/installdir
    70119}}}
    71 
    72120
    73121== Creating a Project Environment ==
     
    77125A new environment is created using [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin]:
    78126{{{
    79 $ trac-admin /path/to/trac_project_env initenv
     127$ trac-admin /path/to/myproject initenv
    80128}}}
    81129
    82 [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] will prompt you for the information it needs to create the environment, such as the name of the project, the path to an existing subversion repository, the [wiki:TracEnvironment#DatabaseConnectionStrings database connection string], and so on. If you're not sure what to specify for one of these options, just leave it blank to use the default value. The database connection string in particular will always work as long as you have SQLite installed. The only option where the default value is likely to not work is the path to the Subversion repository, so make sure that one's correct.
     130[wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] will prompt you for the information it needs to create the environment, such as the name of the project, the type and the path to an existing [wiki:TracEnvironment#SourceCodeRepository source code repository], the [wiki:TracEnvironment#DatabaseConnectionStrings database connection string], and so on. If you're not sure what to specify for one of these options, just leave it blank to use the default value. The database connection string in particular will always work as long as you have SQLite installed. Leaving the path to the source code repository empty will disable any functionality related to version control, but you can always add that back when the basic system is running.
    83131
    84132Also note that the values you specify here can be changed later by directly editing the [wiki:TracIni] configuration file.
    85133
    86 ''Note: The user account under which the web server runs will require write permissions to the environment
    87 directory and all the files inside.''
     134''Note: The user account under which the web server runs will require write permissions to the environment directory and all the files inside.  On Linux, with the web server running as user apache and group apache, enter:''
     135
     136  chown -R apache.apache /path/to/myproject
    88137
    89138
     
    92141After having created a Trac environment, you can easily try the web interface by running the standalone server [wiki:TracStandalone tracd]:
    93142{{{
    94 $ tracd --port 8000 /path/to/projectenv
     143$ tracd --port 8000 /path/to/myproject
    95144}}}
    96145
     
    100149== Running Trac on a Web Server ==
    101150
    102 Trac provides three options for connecting to a “real” web server: [wiki:TracCgi CGI], [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI] and [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either FastCGI or mod_python.
     151Trac provides three options for connecting to a “real” web server: [wiki:TracCgi CGI], [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI] and [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either FastCGI or mod_python.
     152
     153If you're not afraid of running development code, you can also try running Trac on [wiki:TracModWSGI mod_wsgi]. This should deliver even better performance than mod_python, but the module is not considered stable just yet.
    103154
    104155== Configuring Authentication ==
    105156
    106 The process of adding, removing, and configuring user accounts for authentication depends on the specific way you run Trac.  To learn about how to accomplish these tasks, please visit one of the following pages:
     157The process of adding, removing, and configuring user accounts for authentication depends on the specific way you run Trac. The basic procedure is described in the [wiki:TracCgi#AddingAuthentication "Adding Authentication"] section on the TracCgi page. To learn how to setup authentication for the frontend you're using, please refer to one of the following pages:
    107158
    108159 * TracStandalone if you use the standalone server, `tracd`.
     
    116167Keep in mind that anonymous (not logged in) users can by default access most but not all of the features. You will need to configure authentication and grant additional [wiki:TracPermissions permissions] to authenticated users to see the full set of features.
    117168
    118 ''Enjoy!''
     169'' Enjoy! ''
    119170
    120 [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracTeam The Trac Team]
     171[wiki:TracTeam The Trac Team]
    121172
    122173----
    123 See also:  TracGuide, TracCgi, TracFastCgi, TracModPython, TracUpgrade, TracPermissions
     174See also:  TracGuide, TracCgi, TracFastCgi, TracModPython, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracUpgrade, TracPermissions